Jump to main content


Ireland at the 2019 Rugby World Cup

World Rugby Approves Law Trials To Further Injury Prevention

World Rugby Approves Law Trials To Further Injury Prevention

Injury-prevention focused law change has taken another significant step forward with World Rugby’s Executive Committee approving a package of law amendments for closed trial.

Following a comprehensive evaluation by the expert Law Review Group, the Committee approved six law trial proposals submitted by Unions and developed at the ground-breaking player welfare and laws symposium in Marcoussis, Paris, in March.

The core focus of the project is the tackle, which is responsible for 50% of all match injuries and 76% of all concussions (72% occurring to the tackler). This is in part driven by an increase of ball in play time by 50% since Rugby World Cup 1987 to approximately 40 minutes today.

This has given rise to a 252% increase in tackles over the same period, which is why the game is focused on this facet of the game, identifying solutions to reduce the risk of high-risk situations.

The package of trials will be rolled out as designated closed trials in competitions around the world and if successful, would be recommended for global trial within the next Rugby World Cup cycle, meaning the 2023 Rugby World Cup could be the first global showpiece to feature law amendments fully aimed at reducing injury risk.

The approved package of six law amendments for trial are:

50:22 kick – If the team in possession kicks the ball from inside their own half indirectly into touch inside their opponents’ 22 or from inside their own 22 into their opponents’ half, they will throw in to the resultant lineout. Rationale: To create space by forcing players to drop back out of the defensive line in order to prevent their opponents from kicking for touch. Approved for closed trial in the National Rugby Championship (NRC) in Australia.

The high tackle technique warning – This has been successfully trialled at the World Rugby Under-20 Championship for the last two years, reducing the incidence of concussion by more than 50%. Rationale: Head injury prevention strategy. Approved for further closed trials.

Reducing the tackle height to the waist – Rationale: Forcing players to tackle lower may reduce the risk of head injuries to both the tackler and tackled player. Approved for closed trials.

Ability to review a yellow card when a player is in the sin-bin for dangerous foul play – Rationale: To ensure players who are guilty of serious foul play do not escape with a yellow card when they deserved red. Approved for closed trials.

The introduction of an infringement (penalty and free-kick) limit for teams – Once a team has reached the limit, a mandatory yellow card is given to the last offending player as a team sanction. Rationale: To encourage teams to offend less. Approved for closed trial in the National Rugby Championship in Australia.

The awarding of a goal-line drop-out – to the defending team when an attacking player, who brings the ball into in-goal, is held up. Rationale: To reward good defence and promote a faster rate of play. Approved for closed trial in the National Rugby Championship in Australia.

A further law trial was approved for implementation in the Men’s and Women’s HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series from the next season:

One additional replacement per team to be allowed during extra-time in a Sevens match. Rationale: To manage player fatigue and workload. Approved for closed trial in the HSBC World Rugby Men’s and Women’s Sevens Series.

In addition to the approved trials, the Executive Committee ratified the recommendation of the Rugby Committee, instructing further evaluation in the following areas:

Reduction in the number of permitted substitutions – Rationale: To encourage more space and opportunities towards the end of the game as on-field players tire. World Rugby to sponsor more research to determine if there is a player welfare benefit.

Off feet at the ruck – players must move away from the ball without delay. Rationale: To ensure more space and time is afforded to the attacking side. Specialist working group to be formed to assess all issues regarding the ruck/breakdown.

Potential changes to tackle law at the community level in France were also approved for closed law trial following a detailed proposal by the FFR. A further announcement will be made on this.

A number of Unions have expressed an interest in operating one or more of the approved trials in their domestic or cross-border competitions: Rugby Australia in the NRC; FFR at all community levels; Georgian Rugby Union domestic leagues; Fiji Rugby Union domestic leagues; the Americas Rugby Championship; SA Rugby in the Currie Cup and the FIR domestic leagues. Further details will be confirmed shortly.

World Rugby Chairman Sir Bill Beaumont said:

World Rugby is unwavering in its commitment to ensuring rugby is as simple and safe to play as possible for all. While injury incidence in the sport is not increasing and concussion incidence is decreasing, we can and must do more to reduce injuries at all levels. This is an important milestone on that journey.

The next step is to identify in partnership with our Unions’ appropriate competitions to run the trials. Throughout this collaborative process, we have received strong support from Unions, competition owners and International Rugby Players, and I would like to thank everyone for their proactivity and dedication in placing the welfare of players at the top of our agenda.”

Rugby Committee Chairman and Chairman of the Laws Review Group, John Jeffrey, added: “Approval of these law trials represents another important step on the road to further law improvement within the next four-year Rugby World Cup cycle. Significantly, these trials have injury-prevention at their core, but there are also clear benefits to improving the spectacle for player, match officials and fans. I look forward to seeing them progress in closed domestic environments.”